Resveratrol Decreases Oxidative Stress By Restoring Mitophagy And Improves The Pathophysiology Of Dystrophin

Resveratrol Decreases Oxidative Stress By Restoring Mitophagy And Improves The Pathophysiology Of Dystrophin

 

Anti-hepatoma activity of resveratrol in vitro.World J Gastroenterol. Alteration of xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes by resveratrol in liver and lung of CD1 mice.Food Chem Toxicol. Pharmacological concentration of resveratrol suppresses aromatase in JEG-3 cells.Toxicol Lett. The protective effect of resveratrol on islet insulin secretion and morphology in mice on a high-fat diet.Diabetes Res Clin Pract. Resveratrol prevents streptozotocin-induced diabetes by inhibiting the apoptosis of pancreatic β-cell and the cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase.Endocr J. Chronic resveratrol enhances endothelium-dependent relaxation but does not alter eNOS levels in aorta of spontaneously hypertensive rats.Exp Biol Med .

Propelled to fame from a multitude of studies on the phytochemical properties of plants, resveratrol more than lives up to its reputation. Experts have called this unique antioxidant a fountain of youth for its effectiveness against a variety of age-related conditions. Coli-induced ERK1/2 activation as well as VEGFA upregulation in hBMECs. By pretreatment with Resveratrol, the phosphorylation of ERK1/2 induced by meningitic E. Similarly, the upregulation of VEGFA also decreased considerably in a dose-dependent manner in resveratrol-treated hBMECs.

It also has an outstanding return policy and stands by its products. No unnecessary ingredients, binders, fillers, additives or preservatives. So, how can you identify the legitimate products through all the smoke?

Best Resveratrol Supplements In 2021

Resveratrol increases the production of nitric oxide in endothelial cells by upregulating the expression of endothelial NO synthase , stimulating eNOS enzymatic activity, and preventing eNOS uncoupling. Epilepsy is a brain disease that affects 60 million people globally. More than 20 anti-seizure drugs are currently available, but these do not address the underlying causes of the condition. This poster summarizes current knowledge about the development of the condition and highlights some approaches that have disease-modifying effects in proof-of-concept studies. Raisins are low in resveratrol, but they contain a lot of antioxidants.

That’s another type of stilbene which is similar to resveratrol and even rarer in foods. Despite the small amount present, the pterostilbene benefits may even be better. How much resveratrol there is in fresh grapes ranges from 0.24 to 1.25 mg per cup for the red varieties. Dark black grapes, such as Concord and muscadines, can sometimes have more but generally fall within this range. You’re getting an alcohol-free form and since fresh fruit is unpasteurized, most of it is intact, as well as the vitamin C, which is another heat-sensitive nutrient. Technically a legume that grows underground, these “nuts” are rarely thought of as a superfood, yet they have a moderate ORAC value that’s higher than cashews, macadamia, and some other nuts and seeds.

Keep in mind that there is not much substantive evidence regarding what do cbd gummies without thc do as medicine for the above conditions. Blood clotting is one of the horrendous problems in the human body. For cure or prevention of this, you can easily rely on Hubei Sanxin Biotechnology Co., Limited as the best resveratrol powder supplier. To evaluate antitumor efficacy mediated by the RESind-CAR device in vivo, we established two xenograft tumor mouse models. We first investigated whether the activity of RESind-CAR T cells could be regulated by resveratrol in a dose-dependent manner in a rapid xenograft mouse model of B cell leukemia (Fig. 6).

Safety of resveratrol with examples for high purity, trans-resveratrol, resVida(®).Ann N Y Acad Sci. Activation of Sirt1 decreases adipocyte formation during osteoblast differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.Cells Tissues Organs. Resveratrol regulates human adipocyte number and function in a Sirt1-dependent manner.Am J Clin Nutr. Resveratrol attenuates ovariectomy-induced hypertension and bone loss in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats.J Nutr Sci Vitaminol .

What Are The Health Benefits Of Resveratrol?

Researchers have observed that BDNF levels are lower in people with type 2 diabetes mellitus and other insulin-related problems. Resveratrol is particularly unique as its antioxidants can cross the blood-brain barrier to protect the brain and the nervous system, unlike other antioxidants. Recent studies done by researchers at the Nutrition Research Center at Northunbria University in the U.K.

While taking resveratrol pills is certainly safer than heavy wine consumption, supplementing with unproven substances is generally unwise. At this point, occasional use of red wine seems far more prudent. If you take any medicines or other supplements regularly, talk to your health care provider before you start using resveratrol supplements.

get The Essential Guide To Resveratrol And Its Health Benefits

Resveratrol reverses endothelial nitric-oxide synthase uncoupling in apolipoprotein E knockout mice.J Pharmacol Exp Ther. Resveratrol prevents ammonia toxicity in astroglial cells.PLoS One. An antisense oligonucleotide to the N-methyl-D-aspartate subunit NMDAR1 attenuates NMDA-induced nociception, hyperalgesia, and morphine tolerance.J Pharmacol Exp Ther.

After they found where this mutation was found on SIRT1-creating gene and how to control it, researchers replaced the normal SIRT1 gene in manufactured muscle and skin cells with the one that stopped resveratrol’s effect. They then introduced resveratrol and some other medications in clinical trials. Resveratrol and some of the medications were able to speed up mitrochondria by activating more SIRT1 in normal cells, but the mutated cells were unaffected by the substances. However, some research came into question when Dr. Dipak K. Das, director of the cardiovascular research center at the University of Connecticut who led several reseveratrol studies, was accused of making up results in January 2013. Despite the excellent regulation performance of resveratrol-controlled transgene expression devices in vitro and in vivo, there is still room for improvement from a translational perspective. For example, given the low bioavailability of resveratrol by oral administration, the response sensitivity of resveratrol-controlled devices will require further engineering and optimization.

Had increased phosphorylated Akt, GLUT4 expression, and PGC-1a levels. These interactions with the pancrease do not appear to influence insulin secretion, as evidenced by a prolonged study in lemurs in which resveratrol were both implicated in improved glycemic control independent of insulin secretion. It has been seen to have protective effects against oxidation at a low dose of 0.04% dietary intake in diabetic mice. This protein does not appear to be highly expressed in the aorta of rats, but is highly expressed in the heart tissue and appears to decline during the rat aging process. Additionally, dosages of 30mg/kg bodyweight in gerbils have been linked to significant protective effects following ischemia, protecting neurons from delayed cell death. Half-life of the resveratrol molecule appears to be in the range of 1-3 hours, and can be extended slightly (2-5 hours) with multiple doses.

Firstly, the scientists checked the cytotoxic effect of resveratrol in Vero cells. They observed that even at a very high concentration, resveratrol did not affect the cell viability, indicating that the compound is not harmful to the cells. The scientists found no evidence for the involvement of other biological pathways that were previously linked to the effects of STACs. These results suggest that resveratrol and other STACs act, at least in part, through direct interactions with SIRT1 and its substrates. Further research will be needed to understand which of these pathways are responsible for the effects of STACs in the body. “Now that we know the exact location on SIRT1 where and how resveratrol works, we can engineer even better molecules that more precisely and effectively trigger the effects of resveratrol,” Sinclair says.

Similar to XPA and AT, nicotinamide riboside may induce mitophagy and ameliorate phenotypes of dystrophin-deficient mice. Since nicotinamide riboside is much more costly than resveratrol, resveratrol has an economic advantage over nicotinamide riboside to treat DMD. Resveratrol is known to work more effectively by way of topical applications, i.e., by soaking into the body through the skin. In fact, a number of studies conducted by researchers have shown that drinking red wine does not provide the body with high enough concentrations of Resveratrol that can bring about health benefits.

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These ailments include stomach aches, hepatitis, urinary tract infections, and fungal diseases. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Since the resveratrol holds up well in sun dried fruit, the amount in dried mulberries is probably even higher, since 100 g dried equals a lot more berries, as most of the water weight has evaporated.

Regeneration of infarcted myocardium with resveratrol-modified cardiac stem cells.J Cell Mol Med. The No Observable Adverse Effect Limit of resveratrol appears to be 200mg/kg bodyweight in rats and 600mg/kg bodyweight in beagle dogs. 400mg/kg bodyweight, and no adverse effects have been noted at 750mg/kg bodyweight trans-resveratrol. Melatonin is also able to work synergistically with resveratrol at low doses in cardioprotection, as 2.3mg/L resveratrol and 75ng/mL melatonin in a model of animal myocardial infarction. Resveratrol is being investigated in reducing the risk of breast cancers.

Sirtuins control several biological pathways and are known to be involved in the aging process. Resveratrol is only one of many natural and synthetic sirtuin-activating compounds now known. Whether these STACs directly interact with sirtuins or affect them indirectly, however, has been a subject of debate. Synergistic effects of combined phytochemicals and skin cancer prevention in SENCAR mice.Cancer Prev Res . D-glucaro 1,4-lactone and resveratrol as antioxidants in blood platelets.Cell Biol Toxicol. Recent data do not provide evidence that resveratrol causes ‘mainly negative’ or ‘adverse’ effects on exercise training in humans.J Physiol.

Many studies have been conducted with grape-derived ingredients in regard to several health claims, antioxidant activity, and so forth; and they have been found to be safe. However, caution must be taken with supplements, as the products are often altered during manufacturing. Similarly, one must be careful regarding the use and consumption of proprietary products. For example, a proprietary formulation of resveratrol, SRT501 , has been studied in several healthy and disease populations, and shown to be safe. However, when supplemented at a daily dose of 5 g, alone or in combination with bortezomib, SRT501 exhibited renal toxicity in multiple myeloma patients;52 this was later suggested to be specifically attributable to the disease condition.

At 98% standardized trans resveratrol, our resveratrol supplement capsules provide some of the purest, most potent polyphenol nutrients available. There is some preliminary evidence that resveratrol supplements may be helpful for age-related macular degeneration. Evidence for other popularly promoted uses, such as cardiovascular health and lowering cholesterol, improving insulin sensitivity in diabetes, improving memory, and “life-extension” is quite limited, and in some cases, contradictory . Found in the skin of grapes, berries, dark chocolate, and dietary supplements, resveratrol has a number of health benefits.

A 2016 study fed mice a high-protein, high-polyunsaturated fat diet and also gave them resveratrol supplements. Several studies in animals have suggested that resveratrol supplements may change blood fats in a healthy way . It’s still not completely known how different people react to resveratrol and if some benefit more than others. For example, people with existing cases of diabetes or metabolic defects may need to take higher doses than mostly healthy adults to get the same effects. Talk to your doctor if you plan on taking supplements and are already on other medications. Although we have mentioned that red wine and cocoa are two of the best sources of resveratrol, unfortunately a diet of dark chocolate and red wine may be decadent but ultimately very unhealthy if you overdo it.

I Thought Resveratrol Came From Red Wine Or Grape Skins

If you’re looking to boost your skin’s appearance and health, resveratrol is one powerful ingredient to consider. Be mindful, though, that this diet may boost general skin health, but you’d have to consume huge amounts of resveratrol for it to make a noticeable difference. Scientists studied two-year-old mice — generally considered to be “old”— that were treated with resveratrol for one year, paying particular attention to synapses called neuromuscular junctions. These synapses are essential for voluntary movement because they relay motor commands that flow from neurons in the spinal cord to muscles. Resveratrol is a phytoalexin, a class of compounds produced by many plants when they are infected by pathogens or physically harmed by cutting, crushing, or ultraviolet radiation. In 2016, Evolva has started production of yeast fermented resveratrol, and is expected to deliver a high purity and cost-effective solution over the forecast period.

Ranking The Best Resveratrol Supplements Of 2021

Furthermore, even if boosting SIRT1 does help with the aging process, the research on resveratrol is limited to laboratory studies. No one can say how well it works in humans and if so, at what dosages would be required to produce noteworthy effects. Resveratrol stimulates the sirtuin gene SIRT1 in the ovaries, which can help protect the ovaries against the degeneration of the cells. It then activates telomerase activity and mitochondrial function, to ultimately increase ovarian function. In the endometrium, the CRABP2-RAR pathway is downregulated, which suppresses the aging of the cells, creating a better environment for embryo implantation and placentation. These results are very encouraging; however, this is just one study of a small sample size.

Resveratrol seems to modulate the levels of Fas and FasL, and thus modify the apoptotic response. It did not have a significant affect on Glutathione conjugation rates nor glucuronidation , although it seemed to increase activity only in those with low baseline activity. Although potent on it’s own, resveratrol show synergism with Vitamin D. Which resveratrol has been found to elevate downstream of SIRT1. However, at rest Akt1 and phospho Akt levels do not appear to be influenced by even 5g. These effects can, at concentrations of around 25-50uM, reduce fat accumulation into adipocytes.

Here, everything you need to know about resveratrol in skincare and how to pick the best products containing the powerhouse ingredient. There is some scientific evidence to suggest that resveratrol and estrogen are somewhat linked and may have undesirable effects on some individuals. Resveratrol is known to contain a compound directly related to a synthetic estrogen which can bind with estrogen receptors on cells and activate estrogen expression.

At the conclusion of the trail scientist noted a rise in the metabolism as well as memory retention of participants who had taken the Resveratrol supplements. Taking into account evidence that supports that dietary restriction improves brain functioning in older and overweight adults, the team concluded that Resveratrol supplements improve memory performance. They believe their findings offer a basis for futures studies and research into methods which can help preserve the well-being of the brain during aging. Resveratrol, one of the most popular topics in human and animal studies, is a phytoalexin that is naturally produced by plants when they are attacked by pathogens like fungi or bacteria. There are signs that this compound may have far-reaching effects on the health of humans and animals as it helps them with skin care and also offers certain anti-aging benefits. However, a major uproar was caused in the scientific field when debates sprung up on the best way to use the compound.

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Treatment of adipocytes with resveratrol significantly increased expression levels of SIRT1 mRNA . Upregulation of SIRT1 expressions, in turn, increases expression levels of Nrf2 and phase 2 antioxidant enzymes, while silencing SIRT1 with siRNA decreases Nrf2 protein as well as activity of ARE promotor . Moreover, upregulation and activation of Nrf2 expression by SIRT1 were also observed . The second mechanism comprises direct upregulation of Nrf2 expression because studies have shown that resveratrol increases Nrf2 expression in kidney, heart, and lung tissues .

With more mitochondria available in muscle more oxygen can be delivered to aid oxidative phosphorylation, which can assist exercise endurance performance. In 1992, resveratrol was examined more closely and identified as a key component of grape skin for this function (10-11). This article will explore the evidence behind the benefits of Resveratrol and specifically Trans Resveratrol, and also present some of the potential side effects. The Shipping Weight includes the product, protective packaging material and the actual shipping box. In addition, the Shipping Weight may be adjusted for the Dimensional Weight (e.g. length, width & height) of a package. It is important to note that certain types of products (e.g. glass containers, liquids, fragile, refrigerated or ice packed) will often require protective packaging material.

Animal experiments can demonstrate what can happen in the species tested. However, only human clinical trials can determine whether supplementation is useful for humans. Most clinical trials of other antioxidants have failed to demonstrate the benefits suggested by preliminary studies.

The university chose to present their findings in a derogatory manner. Dr. Das explains that editors at scientific publications commonly request researchers enhance faded images of western blot tests so they can be duplicated in their publications. Western blot tests are frequently altered to remove backgrounds, enhance contrast and increase dots-per-inch resolution so they are suitable for publication. This had been fully explained to university officials long before. Since Dr. Das had volunteered to study the resveratrol pill my company makes, and test it alongside pure research-grade resveratrol, I thought that any investigation may have negative repercussions on my company.

Each capsule has 200 mg of pure resveratrol, making this a very good source for a standardized dosage if you are trying to follow the protocols of clinical studies. You can consider it a “maximalist” approach, since it’s got so many supporting antioxidants in addition to its main ingredient, resveratrol. On top of that, there’s 200% of your recommended daily intake of vitamin C.

The following items are authentic and tested products with stellar reviews. Whether you are looking for a resveratrol cream for wrinkles or a nighttime serum for suppleness, we’ve got you covered. At 30 months of age, resveratrol-treated mice were found to have reduced cataract formation, a condition found to increase with age in control-group mice. In customer testimonials, people report having higher energy levels, increased mobility, and greater overall health. Most people can safely take resveratrol, however if you are on other medications or are pregnant it may be wise to check with your doctor first. A complete system giving you total wellness and deep sleep When you know what you want and you want to save money getting it, this is the pack for you.

Resveratrol improves health and survival of mice on a high-calorie diet. Then, Sinclair and his team looked at 2,000 mutants of the gene responsible for SIRT1 to find out how resveratrol worked, and found one mutation that stopped resveratrol’s effects by swapping out one of the 747 amino acid residues. Resveratrol may interact with many pharmaceutical medications . Consult physician if pregnant/nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition before using this product. This product may cause digestive upset in some sensitive individuals. If you experience any gastrointestinal discomfort after using this product, discontinue use.

Then he acknowledges that they were in fact altered, but that these alterations are standard practice. Then he accuses the university of willfully ignoring this “fact.” Join over 250,000 people who have learned about effective versus overrated supplements, tips for buying supplements, and how to combine supplements for safety and efficacy.

The addition of CQ completely cancelled this effect of resveratrol on the ROS levels (Figure 5), indicating that the autophagic flux was required for resveratrol’s antioxidative effect. To examine whether resveratrol also promotes mitophagy, we examined the effect of resveratrol on mitophagy using C2C12 myoblast cells. Autophagosome formation can be monitored by the appearance of EGFP-LC3 dots in cells . EGFP-LC3 was expressed in C2C12 cells, and the number of EGFP-LC3 dots was counted. Treating the cells with resveratrol significantly increased the number of EGFP-LC3 dots compared with control cells (Figures 4 and 4). Treating the cells with chloroquine , which suppresses lysosome function thereby inhibiting the degradation of autophagosomes, increased the number of LC3 dots (Figures 4 and 4).

Grape juice, which is not a fermented beverage, is not a significant source of resveratrol. Since wine is the most notable dietary source, it has been the object of much speculation and research. Animal studies have shown that resveratrol can reduce inflammation and may help protect against heart disease and diabetes. Laboratory studies have shown that it can prevent the growth of cancer cells and possibly slow aging, but we have no evidence for any of this in humans. Most of what we know about resveratrol’s health effects comes from studies in mice, and while we know that red wine can benefit heart health, we don’t know the extent of the role resveratrol plays. Both in vitro and in vivo studies have shown that resveratrol also inhibits proliferation, while stimulating apoptosis of cancer cells via several mechanisms.

150mg resveratrol taken shortly after a workout appears to hinder the improvements in anaerobic physical performance seen with exercise alone; effects of resveratrol at other times uncertain. Cancerous cells invade normal tissue aided by enzymes called matrix metalloproteinases. Resveratrol has been found to inhibit the activity of at least one type of matrix metalloproteinase .

Mice were placed on a net, and then the net was inverted by hand. The hanging time was measured in 5 consecutive trials separated by 1 min intervals. Three independent experiments Is it safe to take CBD Gummies? were performed, and the results are shown as the mean of 3 trials per group. Total RNA was prepared from quadriceps muscles using the RNeasy Fibrous Tissue Mini Kit.

A scientific group led by Dr. David Sinclair of Harvard Medical School, discovered the molecular mechanism for this synergy. These findings are published in Science, the largest paid circulation of any peer-reviewed general-science journal. They have led to observations that Resveratrol stimulates SRT1 directly.

In this model, unmodified T cells or RESind-CAR T cells were injected i.p. After NCG mice were implanted with a mixture of CD19+ K562mCherry and CD19− K562EGFP cells. These mice were then administrated with various doses of Sunday Scaries CBD Gummies (5 to 100 mg/kg/d) or vehicle control. Serum cytokine release was analyzed every 24 h and the cytotoxicity of RESind-CAR T cells was quantified by flow cytometry at 48 h (Fig. 6A). Mice injected with RESind-CAR T cells showed resveratrol-dependent depletion of the CD19+ K562mCherry cell population (Fig. 6B). RESind-CAR T cells killed target cells in a resveratrol-inducible manner, with the strongest cytotoxicity observed with a resveratrol dosage of 10 mg/kg/d (Fig. 6C).

Resveratrol exists primarily in two forms, a trans and a cis form. These forms are isomers — compounds with the same number and types of atoms but arranged in different structures. Resveratrol is a phenolic compound called a stilbene; plants produce these in response to injury, infection, fungal attack, or ultraviolet radiation. There are so many unknown connections between substances that get into our bodies and damage that can happen. Our Parkinson’s disease poster summarizes the neurobiology of the disease, and highlights current therapeutic treatments for symptomatic PD.

One small 2012 study noted the hydrating effects of the ingredient after including it in a dietary supplement. Conditions like eczema and psoriasis also improved with use of resveratrol, according to a 2020 research review. The demand for extract (plant-based) products is significantly high in Mexico. Isomer Trans-resveratrol is main product used by Mexican consumers. The increasing use of these ingredients in dietary supplements will create growth opportunities for the market in Mexico. Expansion of cosmetics and skin care industries also will offer growth opportunities.

Our most advanced joint support, Lester’s Oil Advanced coupled with our best-selling antioxidant formula, Res-V Ultimate. With your SuperGold card you will get $10 off any product or pack – just let us know you are a SuperGold card holder at the time of your order. After trying so many different magnesium products available I have found the Element 12 the only one that helps me to switch off at night and also helps with my leg cramps. Good Housekeeping participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. If you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, talk to your doctor before using resveratrol topically.

Rapamycin administration in humans blocks the contraction-induced increase in skeletal muscle protein synthesis.J Physiol. Resveratrol suppresses angiotensin II-induced Akt/protein kinase B and p70 S6 kinase phosphorylation and subsequent hypertrophy in rat aortic smooth muscle cells.Mol Pharmacol. Hypoglycemic effect of resveratrol in type 2 diabetic model db/db mice and its actions in cultured L6 myotubes and RIN-5F pancreatic β-cells.J Clin Biochem Nutr. Resveratrol inhibits copper ion-induced and azo compound-initiated oxidative modification of human low density lipoprotein.Biochem Mol Biol Int.

Product Label: Puretrans Resveratrol

A big difference is that mice have researchers assessing their response to resveratrol, but we don’t. If you take a resveratrol supplement, or plan to, let your doctor know so you both can be alert for any possible harms. Bill Sardi is managing partner of Resveratrol Partners LLC, dba LONGEVINEX®, a Las-Vegas-based dietary supplement company. The drug that costs $200 was found to work equally well as a drug that costs $1500 per injection.

And shows efficacy against esophageal cancer when ingested orally in rats. Low-dose resveratrol has been hypothesized to inhibit Wnt signaling, preventing nuclear localization of β-catenin. Fas redistribution , which induces cell death, has been noted with concentrations of uM in colon tumor cells. Where is is taken up by HepG2 cells by both passive diffusion and carrier-mediated processes. Resveratrol can influence bone metabolism by directly influencing osteogenesis by direct influence on the differentiation of cells as well as redirected the birth of stem cells from becoming fat cells into bone cells. Trans-Resveratrol, at 0.04% of the diet in rats, can increase glucose uptake into L6 myotubes via both insulin stimulated uptake and AMPK.

Where are delta 8 gummies legal? supplementation has not been studied during pregnancy and breastfeeding and should be avoided. Studies show that benefits can be seen from doses as low as 5-10mg to as high as 5g daily. For reference, a standard 6oz glass of red wine contains approximately 12mg of resveratrol. As you may already know, Enhanced Resveratrol wine is available and on the market, and Red wine is probably the best-known source of Resveratrol due to the fermentation process that turns grape juice to alcohol. When red wine is produced, grape seeds and skins ferment in the grape’s juices, which has a positive effect on the levels and availability of resveratrol.

DNA repair failure activates poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 , and then NAD+ is depleted by the activated PARP1, thereby decreasing the activity of the NAD+-dependent deacetylase SIRT1. Importantly, mdx mice have been shown to have increased PARP activities and low NAD+ levels in their muscle tissues . Because PARP is activated by DNA damage, mdx mice are expected to have enhanced levels of DNA damage, which may be derived from the disturbance of mitophagy. Replenishing the NAD+ by administering nicotinamide riboside reduced the nuclear ADP-ribosylated protein levels and improved the muscle function and heart pathology in mdx mice .

Increasing the life of cells in your skin will not only make you feel healthy, but look youthful and vibrant as well. All this information may lead to the question of whether Resveratrol really is the secret to youth. There have been a lot of scientific studies supporting Resveratrol promoting longevity. Dr. Oz explains that Resveratrol works as effectively as caloric restrictions, which can extend life by up to 30 years. This is because the grape skins are left in with the juice for longer when making red wine, and the skins are where most of the resveratrol is found.

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